Repentance: A Missing Dimension in Modern Christianity


The subject of repentance is one of vital importance for our presentation of the gospel, I believe that some of the shallowness in modern Christianity can be linked to a failure to call people to repentance.
When we read the Bible we find that repentance is a major theme and it has been during the revivals of church history. such figures as Calvin, Jonathan Edward,Wesley, Whitfield, Spurgeon and Finney made this an important part of their evangelistic preaching. It is only in recent years that we seem to want to make the Gospel more palatable to the unbeliever, we certainly would not want to portray the picture of God’s judgement against sin too vividly, in fact the emphasis has been on the love of God at the expense of his righteousness. The modern evangelist tells people that Jesus meets their needs, the ancient evangelist showed his hearers why they need Jesus. Their is a world of difference between these two statements and it is that difference that will inform what I have to say. This is not a sudden thought sent out on a whim but rather it is a subject that I have been thinking about and speaking about since 1976. I first articulated my concerns in two lectures given at L’abri Fellowship,  the first lecture looked at the theology of Jonathan Edwards, the second one was a lecture called “The relevance of Paul’s ministry in Athens”.

In the New Testament we soon meet the call to repentance in the ministry of John the baptist and then in the ministry of Jesus both of their ministries could be summed up in their call to repentance. This is Matthew’s summary of John the Baptist’s ministry,

In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the wilderness of Judea 2 and saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.” 3 This is he who was spoken of through the prophet Isaiah:

“A voice of one calling in the wilderness,
‘Prepare the way for the Lord,
make straight paths for him.’ ” (Mt 3:1–3).

Matthew has a very similar description of the ministry of Jesus,

 From that time on Jesus began to preach, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near.” (Mt 4:17).

If calling people to repent was a crucial part of the ministry of Jesus surely it should be a crucial part of our ministry. The theme of repentance occurs throughout the Gospels and the book of Acts and we surely need to regain this emphasis. We are too frightened of being seen as negative, we want to be seen as positive people, I would suggest however that the positive blessing of the gospel can only be grasped in the light of what sin is.  People only have a very shallow view of God’s grace if they don’t realise their own sinfulness. Even as Christan’s we don’t like at the plight of man closely, we do not become popular by stressing that a life of sin is one of rebellion against God. In a small group I recently said that the essence of sin is our rebellion against God and that unbelievers are rebels against God, this was immediately objected to,this was going to far I was told.
When Jesus sent out the disciples to preach their message was the same as that of Jesus, Mark says,

 They went out and preached that people should repent. (Mk 6:12).

Once again we see this call to repentance as a vital part of their ministry, yes they also cast out demons and brought healing to many. But we cannot understand the ministry of Jesus and his disciples unless we grasp this fact, Repentance is central to the message they proclaim. This did not change with the death and resurrection of Jesus as the book of Acts shows us.  before we look at the book of Acts we need to see what Jesus said in the Upper room,

 Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. 46 He told them, “This is what is written: The Messiah will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and repentance for the forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 48 You are witnesses of these things. 49 I am going to send you what my Father has promised; but stay in the city until you have been clothed with power from on high.”  (Lk 24:45–49).

Notice what Jesus said especially the words I have italicised, Jesus emphasised throughout his ministry and in these words to his disciples that repentance is central to the proclamation of the gospel.
In the book of Acts we soon find the call to repentance, Peter preached in such a way that people were convicted of their sins and when they wanted to know what to do Peter said,

Peter replied, “Repent and be baptised, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 The promise is for you and your children and for all who are far off—for all whom the Lord our God will call.”
40 With many other words he warned them; and he pleaded with them, “Save yourselves from this corrupt generation.” 41 Those who accepted his message were baptised, and about three thousand were added to their number that day. (Ac 2:38–41).

Peter was very clear about the sinfulness of his hearers but his call to repentance made it clear that the new believers would receive forgiveness for their sins. We could go on to look at this pattern throughout the book of Acts but I will look at only a few examples. Notice how Peter and the Apostles defended themselves when they were before the Sanhedrin,

 9 Peter and the other apostles replied: “We must obey God rather than human beings! 30 The God of our ancestors raised Jesus from the dead—whom you killed by hanging him on a cross. 31 God exalted him to his own right hand as Prince and Savior that he might bring Israel to repentance and forgive their sins. 32 We are witnesses of these things, and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey him.” (Ac 5:29–32).

Once again the call to repentance is seen as central to the gospel message. I want to look at one more example from the book of Acts and this passage shows that the Apostle Paul also emphasised repentance.  When Paul was in Athens he challenged the false philosophies and religion of the Athenians and then he said these words,

 In the past God overlooked such ignorance, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent. 31 For he has set a day when he will judge the world with justice by the man he has appointed. He has given proof of this to everyone by raising him from the dead.” (Ac 17:30–31).

Paul is quite clear that the clear that the call to repent has the authority of God behind it, this is not a polite suggestion but the command of Almighty God.

We find that the New Testament call to repentance constantly calls man from his sinfulness  to a new life in Christ. The early church and Jesus himself demonstrated the awful consequences of sin. In contrast to this today we tend to want to bring people into the kingdom by stressing the love of God but if people don’t see their need of a Saviour they will never embrace the glories of the gospel of grace. Even from a pragmatic angle it could be argued that when sin has been shown to be the cause of our brokenness thousands have flocked into the kingdom. But that would be to demean the whole subject because the real question is, are we being faithful to the Saviour in our presentation of the Gospel if we omit the call to repentance. I believe that if we are to declare the whole counsel of God, we need to get back to the biblical call to repentance.

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About pneumaandlogos

David Rollings was born in Luton in1949 and raised by my Christian parents in the Gospel Standard Strict Baptist denomination( Hyper-Calvinistic} in the sixties I rebelled against this background and got involved in left-wing politics. I became a Christian in 1969 and soon started reading Francis Schaeffer's books and came to embrace a Christian Worldview. I had the privilege of being on the staff of L'Abti Fellowship from1975 - 1979. After L'abri I studied at London School of Theology where I gained my BA.(1983) A few years later I studied for my MA by distance learning with The Nazarene Theological College Manchester (1999) For the last 22 years, I have been an elder of Shoreham-by-Sea Baptist Church. I also regularly attend the Christian Doctrine Study Group of the Tyndale Fellowship.
This entry was posted in Apostolic church, Church, faith, Jonathan Edwards, New Testament, reformation. salvation, Repent, repentance, Revival, sin, Spurgeon, Wesley, Whitefield and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

8 Responses to Repentance: A Missing Dimension in Modern Christianity

  1. An interesting discussion is worth comment. I think that you should write more on this topic, it might not be a taboo subject but generally people are not enough to speak on such topics. To the next. Cheers

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  5. jessie says:

    Very beautifuly written, and written so truthfully. I found your blog from a google search because I recently came across another blog that upset me so much, that I replied. Survice to say my reply wasnt recieved well and I feel quite hated. The blog was about how the new generation have discovered something previous generations haven’t quite understood. Love. The love of Christ, and his grace has removed Gods perfect law. They claim the bible is not always accurate, and doesnt actually mean what it says in regards to sin and other things, I tried to use biblical principles, Truth, and delivered it truthfully and somewhat strongly, but these people openly say that the Jesus presented in the bible isnt enough, the bible isnt enough. There is no repentence, and i think they mean that sin is a personal decision, what is sin for me may not be sin to you, no absolutes. The praise this man who wrote the blog was immense, scary even, and the critism i got for disagreeing has made me feel so many emotions. What i call fulfillment of the law they call legalism, what i call repentence they call religion, and i am only shallow in their eyes, someone who hasnt broken free from the chains of the traditional understanding and teachings of Christ. I am only 29, and i love Jesus, and I want to represent Him in truth, but there are so many people who believe this ‘new’ teaching. I know i said the right things in the eyes of the Lord, but why am i struggling so much with the critism? How are we meant to present the Lord to people who call themselves His sons and daughters, when they have rejected all that he stands for and all that He has done? And perhaps the thing I am also worried about, if so many are against me, am i wrong? I have searched the bible, asked Christian friends, prayed, and all have said i have been obediant to God, and yet i feel something like guilt, and i dont know why.
    forgive me, i am unsure how blogging really works and if these questions are appropriate, but this blog seems well alined with the scriptures and so i thought you may be a safe and knowledgable person to ask.
    God bless, Jessie.

    • Dear Jessie,
      I am sorry to have taken so long to respond to your message.
      Firstly let me encourage you to continue to stand up for the truth of God’s Word, you are right to make a clear stand on this issue. Since you wrote to me i have read a few leaders comments on the hyper-grace message and they are all taking the same stand as you are. see for instance this blog entry by Michael Eaton http://www.michael-eaton.de/cms/front_content.php?idcat=112, if you Google Hyper-Grace you will find other responses.
      Secondly you say you are made to feel guilty, I believe there is a real difference between guilt feelings and true guilt.
      Thirdly to help you with all these areas and to encourage you in your walk with the Lord, I would strongly encourage you to get a copy of “True Spirituality” by Francis Schaeffer. I first read this book when it was first published in 1972, and I find it has been a constant source of help and encouragement as it helps us to understand what the Lord has given to us by his grace and how to live in that grace.
      I hope this helps
      David Rollings

  6. sent says:

    I quite like reading a post that can make men and women think.
    Also, thank you for allowing me to comment!

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